The effects and complications of type 2 diabetes

Diabetes - a disease, the essence of which is in violation of all kinds of metabolic processes, but especially - in carbohydrate metabolism. It runs a chronic, cure it completely have not yet learned, but to control it is quite possible. The disease affects the whole life of man: it is necessary to watch not only for their own diet, and physical activity, and hygiene Any cold, diarrhea or stress often require immediate consultation with an endocrinologist and correct treatment. When it is necessary to constantly monitor blood glucose to be in the range 4-6,6 mmol / l and the glycosylated hemoglobin - less than 8%.

Such nagging attitude to illness is not given immediately, and many diabetics believe that the more important to "feel like a complete man", allowing only minimal restrictions lifestyle than the "concessions" of the disease. Here we note: Changing life habits (sometimes - their major revision), the constant "jokes" of insulin and "tasteless" diet is better than non-healing ulcers, blindness or kidney failure, which still dictate the same conditions for food and drugs, but feel at the same time people will be much worse.

Support for the glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin levels to normal means that you translate diabetes from the category of "disease" in the category of "a particular way of life." And even having existed for over 15 years, this will not be complicated by diabetes, "bouquet" of skin lesions, nervous system, kidneys and internal organs, and the people retain the ability to think clearly, good to see, walk briskly and counting each milliliter of urine.

In diabetes, glucose, which is to penetrate into the cells (especially muscle and fat, together constituting nearly 2/3 of all cells) and to provide them with energy, it remains in the blood. If it is increased continuously, without sharp "spikes", that being the substance creating hyperosmolarity (because this tissue and fluid leaves overflow vessels), it leads to damage to the vessel walls and, and perfused organs. So developing "step by step", the later consequences. When insulin starts to be missed greatly, develop severe complications requiring emergency medical care, without which may end fatally.

In type 1 diabetes, insulin low. If this does not make up for the deficit of its own analog of the hormone administered in injections, complications develop quite rapidly and shorten the life of man. In the case of type 2 diabetes has its own insulin, but it is bad "feel" the cells that need to work with him. Here the treatment is carried out using a tablet medications that must "specify" necessary tissues to insulin, causing your metabolism will be normalized to the effect of these drugs. There rarely develop severe complications.

Most often it happens that the presence of his diabetes a person learns not known symptoms when thirsty, or because of the volume of water consumption falls at night to go to the toilet, and when developing for late complications.

In type 2 diabetes only human tissue insensitive to its own insulin. Introduction of hormone injections to normalize metabolism. Therefore, if a special diet and hypoglycemic drugs can not maintain blood sugar below 7 mmol / l, remember: it is better to choose the dosage of exogenous (external post) insulin and constantly introduce the drug than to shorten the duration of life and reduce the quality of unnecessary stubbornness. Of course, such treatment should appoint a competent endocrinologist, who must first make sure that the diet does not work, rather than simply not respected.