Dermatophytes use Diflucan

Dermatophytes - is an infectious disease caused by dermatophytes. Note that this issue gets at the moment, due to the very prevalence of the infection and the continuing problems of its diagnosis and treatment.

Called dermatophyte fungi - ascomycetes family Arthodermataceae (order Onygenales), belonging to three genera - Epidermophyton, Microsporum and Trichophyton. Total known 43 species of dermatophytes, of them - 30 agents tinea.

The main pathogens of fungal infections are, in order of occurrence, T. rubrum, T. mentagrophytes, M. canis.

Dermatophytes geofilnymi call, or zoofilnymi antropofilnymi depending upon their normal habitat - soil, animal or human organism. Members of all three groups can cause human disease, but their different natural reservoirs determine the epidemiological features - the source of the pathogen, prevalence and geographical areas.

While many geofilnye dermatophytes can cause infections in animals and in humans, the most familiar, the natural habitat of these fungi is the soil. Members zoofilnymi and antropofilnymi groups occurred is deemed to be on these and other soil inhabiting saprophytes, capable of destroying the keratin. Zoofilnymi sporadically organisms can be transmitted to humans if they have affinity for human keratin. Transmission is by direct contact with infected animals or by objects which fall hair and skin flakes these animals. Most infections occur in rural areas, but at the moment particularly large role pets (especially with M. canis infection). Many members of the group zoofilnymi named according to the masters-animals. General epidemiological characteristics and zoonotic anthroponotic dermatophytosis - is highly contagious. Dermatophytes, perhaps the only contagious infection among all human fungal infections.

The nature of infections caused by dermatophytes antropofilnymi is usually epidemic. The main increase in incidence is provided antropofilnymi views. Currently antropofilnymi dermatophytes can be found in 20% of the population, and they have caused infections are the most common fungal infections. According to our epidemiological studies, there is an increased incidence of tinea.

The basis of classification of foreign mycoses adopted in ICD-10, put the principle of localization. This classification is useful from a practical point of view, however, ignores the etiological features of tinea in some localizations. At the same time options etiology determine epidemiological characteristics and the need for appropriate actions, as well as features of laboratory diagnostics and treatment. In particular, representatives of the genera Microsporum and Trichophyton are unequal sensitivity to certain antifungal.

A common classification has long been proposed ND Sheklakovym in 1976. In our view, reasonable and acceptable compromise is to use the ICD, specifying, if necessary, the etiology of the pathogen or its equivalent. For example: smooth skin tinea (tinea corporis B35.4), caused by T. rubrum (syn rubrofitii smooth skin.). Or: tinea capitis (B35.0 favus / mikrosporiya / trihofitia).

The term "ringworm", which at times trying to replace vernacular tinea is inappropriate and can not serve as the equivalent of tinea.

Dermatomycoses - a fungal infection of the skin in general, ie, and candidiasis and pityriasis versicolor, and many molds mycosis.