Depression as a psycho physiological syndrome

Depression is considered as a psycho-physiological syndrome, characteristic of healthy people with fatigue, endure heavy emotional experience, with long-term mental discomfort. However, in the absence of objective reasons for depression may be the leading symptom of involution disorders. The development of a depressive syndrome is caused by a deep psycho-functional disorders at the level of the cerebral cortex and subcortical and stem formations anxiety-attacks. A considerable role is played by reduction activating influence of the reticular formation and dysfunction of limbic-reticular complex on the background of exogenous or endogenous pathology.

Symptoms: The patient appears persistent decline of mood, which is accompanied by a deep sadness and anxiety. No desire to work, to move - "everything goes wrong." No interest in everything around him, reduced intellectual activity. The man lost in thought, often have a negative connotation (the thought process also is slowed down). His gnawing sense of guilt and anxiety. He feels useless, of little value. In severe cases, these feelings can develop into a delirium of self-blame or sinfulness. Psychoemotional disorders are often accompanied by physical heaviness and pressure in the chest, pain in the heart. During the day, the depth of the depression, usually varies: in the morning a person more depressed in the evening his condition improved somewhat. Sleep is usually restless, shallow, at the same time tormented day drowsiness. Typically, reduced appetite, attention to their appearance. In women, the menstrual cycle can be broken.

In some cases, it joins hypochondria. Man thinks that he is terminally ill. It locates at the signs of a severe illness, often does not really associated with any significant changes in the body. It inhibits the heavy expectation of death, there is a desire to commit suicide to prevent torture.

Sometimes depression can be hysterical coloring: a sense of hopelessness and despair is accompanied by a storm of sobs, convulsions, loss of speech, memory. Man shaking trembling, shaking hands and feet, there are hysterical hallucinations. Due to the fact that depression is often accompanied by thoughts of suicide and attempts to it, patients should always be supervised. Long protracted depression requires constant medical supervision in a clinical setting.

Depression as a pathological condition to be differentiated from a temporary decline in mental and physical tone, characteristic of healthy people. Pathological depression may develop in the absence of objective reasons for the decline of mood. If the cause is still there (chronic fatigue suffered by the mountain, a long mental stimulation), the pathological depression continues and eliminate this cause.

Treatment of depression, especially in elderly people, dependent on syndromic features and stage of the disease. Used Tisercinum, amitriptyline, pirazidol. Shown targeted psychotherapy under systematic supervision of a psychiatrist. It is not practical to keep a patient in the long term, to convince him that "everything is fine, everything is good." It is important to create a friendly atmosphere in the family, at work, in a team where patient communication takes place.