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Mushrooms - is not only white and mushrooms, fungi world is extremely diverse, they inhabit the soil, water and atmosphere found in the roots of plants, destroying the wood paneling and ships, hit the fish, birds, mammals. Due to unfavorable changes in the environmental conditions they are increasingly to be found in a residential area with podtekayuschimi pipes, damp walls and ceiling in ventilation systems and air conditioners amoxil cap. They are willing to settle on grain foods: stale bread, fruits and vegetables. Fungi are present in the human body without causing him the time no harm. On the contrary, many of them even perform useful work they are involved in metabolic processes and help to digest food. But under certain conditions, fungi are very aggressive.

According to medical studies, to date, fungal diseases - some of the most common, they suffer every fifth inhabitant of our planet. What are these diseases?

All fungal infections are divided into two groups: superficial and deep mycoses. Superficial fungal infections called lichen in the nation, and fungal infections of the nail plate is easy to detect when a patient examination. To catch them can be from sick people, at least - of infected animals and objects (for more details see "Science and Life" № 4, 1995.). Deep mycosis same (about 20 species) affect internal tissues, they seemed to erode the body from the inside, destabilizing function of the most vulnerable organs. Unfortunately, the presence of mycosis know when the disease has already progressed. Discover deep mycoses in the beginning only with timely treatment to the professionals - doctors mycology. Mycological research allow us to establish the nature of fungal diseases, unlike bacterial.

From deep mycoses most common candidiasis. The causative organism - yeast fungi of the genus Candida. Within the gastrointestinal tract or the skin -kishechny these fungi can penetrate the internal organs of the person and hit the paranasal sinuses, tonsils, stomach, intestines, joints, lungs, kidneys. The most frequent clinical forms of candidiasis: bronchitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, inflammation of the esophagus and stomach, prostate. A very typical clinical symptoms of infection: coughing, itching, burning, discharge from the urethra, unstable stool, whitish cheesy deposits on mucous membranes and the lack of effect of treatment with antibacterial drugs.

Other frequently occurring pathology - mold mycoses. The most common diseases in this group: aspergillosis, penitsillioz, zygomycosis, monosporidioz, kurvullyarioz.

Pathogen mold fungal infections - fungi of Aspergillus genus, they are widely distributed in nature, they can be seen in the form of white or greenish mold on rotten wood, chips, vegetables, fruit, bread, home-made, dried fruits. Conidia (spores) of Aspergillus - the most common cause of mold mycoses - detached from conidiospores and through the upper respiratory tract with a deep breath easily reach the bronchi and lung alveolar spaces. As a result, getting a large number of Aspergillus may be poisoning and develop Aspergillus mycotoxicosis. So be careful, especially when dismantling the old, dilapidated cottages or use of stockpiled construction material. Especially dangerous Aspergillus, settled on a tree. Less dangerous fungi on food products. Small spots of mold on bread should be carefully cut. When a significant distribution of the mold will have to throw away bread. Decaying place in apples can also be cut, but with juicy fruits and vegetables, such as tomatoes, pears, apricots or peaches, especially if there was mold around the bones have to immediately say goodbye. It is necessary to pour without hesitation compotes, juices and syrups with mold spots; in the same jam, jam with a high sugar content enough to remove its upper thick layer. You do not eat moldy kernels with a bitter taste stale. It is better to give up the cottage cheese and other dairy products moldy. Pieces of mold on cheese can be removed. If the mold was formed inside "head" is not worth the risk. But the cheese "Roquefort" mold gives a special spicy flavor, but some of this favorite delicacy will have to take time off when the fungal infection.

Victims of deep fungal infections in the first place are people who have a chronic disease or have had a severe surgery, which dramatically reduced the body's resistance. Thus, "positively" respond to the fungi up to 50% of patients with asthma, and 30% of people with a transplanted kidney, at least 23% of women with inflammatory diseases of the genital organs, and pregnant women. Many of candidiasis and aspergillosis among chronic bronchitis and diabetes. But aspergillosis can occur in people with normal immune systems, such as invasive aspergillosis. Provoke disease is a serious injury, violation of the diet and mode of life, all kinds of stress. It manifests itself in different forms: acute and chronic aspergilloma, bronchitis, pneumonia, sinusitis. These forms may exist each independently one switch to another or to develop simultaneously.

Fungal infections can wake not only injury but also remaining in the gum root sick tooth, periodontal disease, chronic tonsillitis, and even unhealthy diet: fasting, high-calorie food is not enough, or, on the contrary, overeating.

The main thing - to prevent the development of fungal infections, in time to see a doctor, mycologist and certainly not self-medicate. The sad reality is that many doctors are not aware of fungal infections, and time does not refer their patients to a special survey. Without taking into account the possible existence of a fungus, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics, but they are in certain kinds of fungal infection (candidiasis when, aspergillosis) is strictly contraindicated and only exacerbate the patient's condition. At the slightest suspicion of the development of fungal infection, doctors are obliged to send their patients to doctors, mycology. In Moscow in 1994 on the basis of the City Clinical Hospital № 81 Center opened deep mycoses. Head of the center - MD Sofia Alekseevna Burov, a member of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology, president of the Russian Society for the Study of deep fungal infections at the European Conference of Medical Mycology. The focus is on ensuring the budget of the Department of Health in Moscow. Admission of patients, and mycological investigation are free of charge. In addition to the diagnostic laboratory in the center of mycological organized outpatient and inpatient treatment in the surgical and therapeutic departments.