–°ephalalgia or Headache Buy Antibiotics Online

Headache (cephalalgia) - it polyethiological syndrome, reflecting the complex psychophysiological components of the implementation of pain. Headache is the most common syndrome encountered in neurological practice. In its formation involves all levels of the conducting system of the peripheral receptors to the central mechanisms of perception, analysis and synthesis of incoming sensations. Needless medulla contains no pain receptors and pain reactions because when there is no irritation. However headache in most cases is symptomatic and occurs when inflammation or irritation of the meninges, narrowing or expanding brain vessels, compression of the ependyma (the membrane covering the inside of the ventricular system) with an increase in intracranial pressure, muscle tension scalp and neck, as well as internal diseases, common infectious processes, intoxications, with cervical osteochondrosis with phenomena of blood supply insufficiency. There are also headaches reflected in diseases of the paranasal cavities of the inner ear, the basic sinus skull aminoacyl trna synthetase inhibitors as potent antibacterials.

The development of the disease. Headaches suffer persons of both sexes and all ages, including children. Most often they are found in women, and persons of intellectual labor. Headaches are different from each other precipitating factor, location, nature, intensity, frequency, time of occurrence and other parameters. Some headaches accompany patients throughout their lives, while others disappear after treatment of the underlying disease.

Symptoms. There are headaches: neuralgic, angiodistonicheskie, hypertensive, shell, and neurotic, often developing on the background of depressive-hypochondriacal states.

Neuralgic headaches are caused by irritation or compression of the trigeminal, glossopharyngeal, temporal or occipital nerves. They are shooting a piercing character, spread along the nerve and its branches, and in its intensity and severity of the patient's limited ability to work. Angiodistonicheskie pain represent the largest group: it is migraine, tension headaches, hypertensive crises.

Migraine is a paroxysmal headache often temporal localization usually boring character, localized mainly in the right or left side of the head, with nausea, vomiting, dizziness. There may be numbness in the limbs, weakness in arms and legs, the urge to defecate and urinate. Depending on the preferential localization of the crisis allocate ocular migraine, ear, vestibular, cervical, abdominal. Its development can be attributed to changes in weather conditions, changes in the moon phases, atmospheric pressure fluctuations. Migraine usually affects young people. With age and pregnancy attacks come to an end. If such attacks are becoming more frequent and develop after 45-50 years, it can serve as a precursor to the initial manifestations of insufficient cerebral blood flow and vascular encephalopathy.

Tension headaches are particularly localized on the type of hoop spanning nature, they are amplified with the mental strain, accompanied by a change of emotional background mood, sleep disorder, pain in the neck and collar area. Headaches PNDS crises differ preferentially localized in the occipital region, they have a pulsating character, accompanied by the posture of the head, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, pain in the heart, tachycardia, rapid breathing rhythm, occasionally reduced vision, double vision of objects before his eyes, tinnitus . At the time of rupture of a blood vessel or aneurysm followed by subarachnoid hemorrhage headache is a special distinctive character of the type "Shot in the head." The patient may then fall, lose consciousness, there is vomiting, may be convulsions, involuntary urination, defecation.

In terms of differential diagnosis are important hypertensive headaches that occur in patients with increased intracranial pressure and impaired circulation of cerebrospinal fluid. These processes occur in brain tumors, adhesive process after suffering head injuries, neuroinfections, venous encephalopathy and so on. The headache while wearing the night or early morning in nature, accompanied by heaviness in the head, the pressure on the eyeballs and ears, dizziness, infection sclera, puffy face, pasty upper limbs, vomiting. The patient tries to lie on cushions 2-3, and in the morning to get up soon to alleviate the condition. There is a loss of vision, hearing, memory loss, attention, thinking torpid. Condition requires treatment to the doctor.

Shell headaches occur in inflammatory processes in the shells with meningitis, encephalitis, as well as subarachnoid hemorrhage, with compression of the sub-dural hematoma or epidural. You should know that even when the brain edema and shells can also be found "meningeal syndrome" in clinical characteristics which include headache, nausea, vomiting, and photophobia, lacrimation, increased the overall sensitivity to all kinds of stimuli - noise, ringing, conversations. The patient tries to lie in the dark, do not include radio and television, any touch causes an increased pain response. There is a tonic muscle tension - legs bent at the knees and brought to his stomach, his head thrown back. Identify shell headaches and meningeal syndrome always requires immediate treatment to the doctor and hospitalization.

Neurotic headaches different duration, persistence, lack of effect of the treatment received. They are usually accompanied by a decrease mood, which is the leading cause of disability. Such patients are identified fatigue symptoms, neuroticism, sleep disorders, vegetative-vascular disorders, which aims at the differential diagnosis with hypochondriacal and depressive syndromes.